The Supreme Court will not have its say on O2018_009 re Fulvestrant

Case No. 4A_332/2019 (Supreme Court) | Order of 13 November 2019, on appeal against O2018_009  (FPC) | Decision of 27 May 2019 | ‘Patentnichtigkeit Fulvestrant’

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A quick recap: Actavis had challenged validity of AZ’s Swiss part of EP 2 266 573 back in 2015, and the FPC had indeed held in 2017 that EP 573 was invalid for lack of inventive step; see this Blog here. However, the Supreme Court overruled that decision and remitted the case back to the FPC for re-assessment of obviousness; see this Blog here. In the second round, the FPC held that the subject-matter of EP 573 did involve an iventive step; see the decision O2018_009 of 27 May 2019. In brief, the FPC held that neither

rendered the claimed subject-matter obvious. That decision was again appealed to the Supreme Court, and I have been eagerly awaiting a good read. But nothing like that. The Supreme Court only published a dismissal order. The parties have apparently reached an amicable settlement; court fees are shared.

Reported by Martin WILMING

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Case No. 4A_332/2019 (Supreme Court) | Order of 13 November 2019, on appeal against O2018_009  (FPC) | Decision of 27 May 2019 | ‘Patentnichtigkeit Fulvestrant’

Mepha Schweiz AG
(formerly Actavis Switzerland AG)
(Appellant / Plaintiff)
./.
AstraZeneca AB (Respondent / Defendant)

Single Judge:

    • Dr. Kathrin KLETT

Court Clerk:

    •  Dr. Thomas WIDMER

Representative(s) of Appellant / Plaintiff:

Representative(s) of Respondent / Defendant:

    • Dr. Michael RITSCHER (MLL)
    • Dr. Kilian SCHÄRLI (MLL)

SUPREME COURT DECISION

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FPC DECISION

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EP 2 266 573 B1

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The CJEU’s judgment on Gilead’s SPC for Truvada® is out now

Case No. C-121/17 (CJEU) | Decision of 25 July 2018

Note that Hepp Wenger Ryffel has been involved in parallel proceedings in Switzerland on behalf of Teva.

It’s showtime again for the SPC community — but don’t expect big surprises:

The CJEU handed down its judgment in the matter Teva et al. ./. Gilead (C-121/17) earlier today, concerning an SPC for the combination of tenofovir disoproxil (TD) and emtricitabine, i.e. Gilead’s Truvada®.

For ease of reference, the opinion of the Advocate General and Judge Arnold’s referral are also included hereinbelow.

Be remembered that Arnold J had referred the same question from the Actavis ./. Sanofi (C-443/12) case again, i.e.:

What are the criteria for deciding whether ‘the product is protected by a basic patent in force’ in Article 3(a) of the SPC Regulation?

Now, in case of a combination product, the CJEU’s answer is as follows (emphasis added):

Article 3(a) of Regulation No 469/2009 must be interpreted as meaning that a product composed of several active ingredients with a combined effect is ‘protected by a basic patent in force’ within the meaning of that provision where, even if the combination of active ingredients of which that product is composed is not expressly mentioned in the claims of the basic patent, those claims relate necessarily and specifically to that combination. For that purpose, from the point of view of a person skilled in the art and on the basis of the prior art at the filing date or priority date of the basic patent:

the combination of those active ingredients must necessarily, in the light of the description and drawings of that patent, fall under the invention covered by that patent; and

each of those active ingredients must be specifically identifiable, in the light of all the information disclosed by that patent.

It will now be on the referring court to decide how this will play out in the matter at hand. However, there is a quite clear message from the CJEU in ¶56:

Consequently, it does not seem possible that a person skilled in the art, on the basis of the prior art at the filing date or priority date of that patent, would be able to understand how emtricitabine, in combination with TD, necessarily falls under the invention covered by that patent.

Reported by Martin WILMING

DECISION C-121/17

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ADVOCATE GENERAL’S OPINION

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REFERRAL

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